Masud Rana | Apr 24, 2017 | 0
Top 10 Most Poisonous Animals in The World 2017
Poisonous Animals are substances that cause disturbances in organisms, usually by chemical reaction or other activity on the molecular scale, when an organism absorbs a sufficient quantity. Poisoning is a condition or a process in which an organism becomes poisoned by a toxic substance or venom of an animal.
Mankind is blessed with greater brain power than any other known living species on Earth. There’s no way around it, the world is a dangerous place. In case of strength, size, speed many species are far ahead than humans. Every animal species have some kind of defensive power.
There are a lots of poisonous animals that exist in the world that can harm us and lead to death. In whatever country we reside, we have to accept that we are living and sharing this world with a number of poisonous animals. The poisonous animals use their venom to defend the predators and to catch the prey.
Some of them inject poison by Stab with tails, Slash with spines, Pierce with fangs, Spike with spurs, Shoot with harpoons, Chew with teeth and others produce venom through their skin.
Now, here we can give the attention to know 10 most poisonous or deadliest animals in the world.
10. Puffer Fish
The Puffer Fish is believed to be the second most poisonous vertebrate in the world. They found in all tropical seas around the world. The meat of this species is a delicacy in both Japan (as fugu) and Korea (as bok-uh), but the problem is that the skin and certain organs of many puffer fish are very poisonous to humans if it is not prepared properly. Therefore, only licensed chefs have the authority to prepare it.
The puffer fish poison produces a rapid and violent death. Puffer poisoning causes deadening of the tongue and lips, dizziness, vomiting, rapid heart rate, difficulty breathing, and muscle paralysis. Their liver, kidneys and spikes contain dangerous nerve toxin called tetrodotoxin. The victim generally dies from suffocation caused by the paralysis of the diaphragm muscles. Most of the victims die after 4 to 24 hours. The venom of putter fish is 1200 times more dangerous than cyanide, and the amazing news is that one puffer fish contains enough venom to kill up to 30 adult humans.
9. Poison Dart Frog
The Poison Dart Frog is probably the most poisonous animal on earth in regards to the amount of poison per body weight. They inhabit in rainforests of Central and South America. There are 100 different types of poison dart frogs are in the world, varies by color and pattern.
Golden poison dart frogs are most dangerous among the family. The 2 inch long (5cm) golden poison dart frog has enough venom to kill 10 adult humans or 20,000 mice or other small mammals. Only 2 micrograms of this lethal toxin (the amount that fits on the head of a pin) is capable of killing a human or other large mammal. Poison dart frogs keep their poison in their skins and will sicken or kill anybody who touches or eats it. Poison dart frogs gain the dangerous poison called batrachotoxin by wild eating of anthropods insects.
8. Inland Taipan
The inland taipan also commonly known as the western taipan, the small-scaled snake, or the fierce snake. The Inland Taipan is considered as one of the most poisonous serpents on earth. They found in the arid regions of Central to Eastern Australia. The venom of an inland Taipan is 200-400 times more toxic than a common cobra. It contains Taipoxin and protease enzymes which is sufficient to kill 100 adult human or 250,000 mice. It’s a single bite can kill an adult human in as little as 45 minutes. The inland Taipans are very shy in nature and inhabit in dunes and rocks. There is no recorded fatal attack on humans by inland Taipan. It is because inland Taipans are more likely to avoid contact with humans.
7. Brazilian Wandering Spider
The Brazilian Wandering Spider (Phoneutria) or banana spider appears in the Guinness Book of World Records 2010 for the most venomous spider and is the spider responsible for most human deaths. This spider is believed to have the most potent neurotoxic venom of any living spider. These spiders found in crowded places of Brazil and Amazon forest. Its venom contains high percentage of serotonin and neurotoxins as well, which is enough to kill a human with just one sting and Only 0.006mg (0.00000021oz) is sufficient to kill a mouse. They are also so dangerous because of their wandering nature.
This deadliest spider often hide during daytime in highly populated areas inside houses, clothes, boots, and cars. They walk around the jungle floors in searching for food, mainly feed on insects and other spiders. The bite from Brazilian wandering spiders cause intense pain, loss of muscle control and inflammation. The medical attention is must for human victims.
Maybe the Stonefish would would definitely win the top prize for being “The World Most Venomous Fish”. It is considered to be one of the most poisonous animals living in the sea. The extremely dangerous stone fishes are found in tropical waters of Indo-Pacific Ocean. They lurk in mud or sand on ocean floors. It makes very hard to find them. It appears similar to the color of stones in the water (hence the name), that makes swimmers unable to recognize it, step on it and trigger the sting.
This deadly species contains 13 sharp poisonous dorsal spines. They sting very quickly and use their series of stingers along its back as a mode of self-defense. Its venom causes severe pain with possible shock, paralysis, and tissue death depending on the depth of the penetration. Without proper treatment, there is high chances of death.
5. Death Stalker Scorpion
The Death stalker scorpion possess the deadliest venom than any other species of scorpions. Like its name, the Death Stalker Scorpion is very dangerous. These aggressive scorpions inhabit in the deserts and scrublands across Middle East and North Africa.
This dangerous species of scorpion a powerful cocktail of neurotoxins which causes an intense and unbearable pain, then fever, followed by coma, convulsions, paralysis and death. A sting from this scorpion is extremely painful, it would be unlikely to kill a healthy, adult human. The sting from a death stalker scorpion also can cause heart issues. It is also known as the ‘Israeli Yellow Scorpion’.
4. Blue-Ringed Octopus
Blue-ringed octopus is the smallest member of octopus family. It is very small, only the size of a golf ball, but its venom is powerful enough to kill a human. A blue-ringed octopus measures only 20 cm in diameter. They can be found in tide pools in the Pacific Ocean, from Japan to Australia.
The blue ringed octopuses are extremely dangerous. They can produce two types of venom through their saliva. One type of venom used for catching preys such as crab and second type is tetrotoxin which can be deadly even to humans. It carries enough poison to kill 26 adult humans within minutes, and there is no antidote and currently recognized as one of the world’s most venomous animals.
Unlike other poisonous animals, the bite from blue ringed octopus is not painful. But, in a few minutes after bite the victim would experience numbness, vomiting, swallowing, difficulty in breathing and nausea. It also leads to death if not treated at the right time.
3. Marbled Cone Snail
The Marble cone snail is a special species of conus genus family. It can be found in warm salty water. They found mainly in Indian Ocean. A single drop of its venom powerful enough to kill more than 20 adult humans. They mainly use their deadly venom to catch the prey. If you ever happen to be in warm salt water environment (where these snails are often found) and see it, don’t even think of picking it up.
Unfortunately, there is no antivenom for the bite of marble cone snail. Sting from marble cone snails normally occur when the snorkelers and swimmers handle them carelessly. The venom can cause loss of coordination, difficulty in breathing, heart failing, double vision, intense pain, swelling, numbness and tingling. The cone snail uses a “harpoon” loaded with venom that it launches with a muscular contraction to inject its prey.
2. King Cobra
The King Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) is the longest venomous/poisonous snake in the world. They inhabit in the highland forests of South and South Asia. An adult king cobra can be growing up to 5.6 m (18.5 ft.) in length. Ophiophagus, literally means “snake-eater” as it eats other snakes (similar to the King Snake). They inject high amount of nuetrotoxin on a single bite. It is powerful enough to kill a healthy adult human within 15 minutes and an African elephant within hours. Unlike other poisonous snakes, king cobras inject 5 times more venom on a single bite. That amount of venom can kill up to 20 grown men.
This lengthy snake also can stand up to a maximum height of 6 feet. Normally, king cobras try to avoid the presence of humans. But they become very aggressive if irritated. Unsurprisingly, the long king cobras can bite from long distances. The bite from king cobras are extremely painful and the venom would spread rapidly. So that immediate medical attention is very necessary to avoid death.
1. Box Jellyfish
The Box jellyfish achieved the first place in top 10 poisonous animals in the world for its deadliest venom/poison. It is the most venomous creature known to mankind. It is mainly found in the Northern Ocean of Australia and Southern Coast of Queensland. Due to its transparent look, it is difficult to spot it in the water. There have been hundreds of reported fatal attack on humans every year. The cube shaped jelly fishes have 15 tentacles on each side of their body. These tentacles can reach up to 10 feet in length. These tentacles also contain more than 5000 stinging cells.
The toxins of Box Jellyfish attack directly on the nervous system, heart and skin cells. And the worst part of it is that box jelly venom is so overpoweringly painful, that human victims go straight into shock, and drown or die of heart failure before even reaching shore. You have virtually no chance to survive the venomous sting, unless treated immediately. After a sting, vinegar should be applied for a minimum of 30 seconds. It has caused at least 5,567 recorded deaths since 1954.