Famous canyons or gorge is a deep cleft between escarpments or cliffs resulting from the erosive activity of a river over geologic timescales, because of their natural tendency to cut through the surface upon which they flow, thus eroding the underlying layers of rocks.
The word famous canyons is generally used in the United States, while the word gorge is more common in Europe. A canyon may also refer to a rift between two mountain peaks, such as those in ranges including the Rocky Mountains, the Alps, the Himalayas or the Andes.
Usually a river or stream and erosion carve out such splits between mountains. There are mainly two kinds of famous canyons like wide box canyons and the narrow slot canyons.
Now, we are arrange some of the most famous canyons in the world as a list of top 10 canyons with their size, depth and location.
10. Gorges Du Verdon, France
The Gorges Du Verdon in south-eastern France, is a river canyon that is often considered to be one of Europe’s most beautiful and most amazing gorges in the world. It is about 25 kilometers long and up to 700 meters deep. The erosive action of the Verdon River, noted for its turquoise-green water, formed the gorge, and together, they form the most distinguishing feature of the location.
It was described in printed form from 1782 and 1804 by the second half of the 19th century, and featured in French tourist guides. The most impressive part lies between the towns of Castellane and Moustiers-Sainte-Marie, where the river has cut a ravine to a depth of 700 meters through the limestone mass.
9. Fish River Canyon, Namibia
The Fish River Canyon is located in the south of Namibia. It is the second largest canyon in the world and the largest in Africa, as well as the second most visited tourist attraction in Namibia. It is absolutely magnificent and breathtaking in its immensity.
The canyon features a gigantic ravine, in total about 100 miles (160 km) long, up to 27 km wide and in places almost 550 meters deep. Because the Fish River is being dammed it only contains a small amount of running water. It is also the longest interior river in Namibia.
8. Copper Canyon, Mexico
Copper Canyon is a group of canyons consisting of six distinct canyons in Chihuahua, Mexico. It is in fact a network of canyons which together are several times larger than the Grand Canyon. The canyons were formed by six rivers that merge into the Rio Fuerte and empty into the Sea of Cortez. The most popular way to explore the Copper Canyon is on the “Chihuahua al Pacifico” Railway.
The track passes over 37 bridges and through 86 tunnels, rising as high as 2,400 meter (7,900 feet) above sea level featuring spectacular views of the canyons below. The origin of the name if from the color of the canyon walls which are copper-green color.
7. Indus Gorge, Pakistan
Indus Gorge is the deepest canyon in the world. The Indus River, also called Sindhu or Abasin, is a major south-flowing river in South Asia. The total length of the river is 3,180 km (1,980 mi) which makes it one of the longest rivers in Asia.
The Indus River passes the gigantic gorge 4,500–5,200 meters (15,000–17,000 feet) deep near the Nanga Parbat massif, where it passes the Nagan Parbat Mountain – also the 9th highest mountain in the world.
6. Kings Canyon, Australia
Kings Canyon is part of the Watarrka National Park in the Northern Territory, Australia. It is located at the western end of the George Gill Range, it is 323 km southwest of Alice Springs and 1,316 km south of Darwin. The walls of Kings Canyon are over 100 meters high, with Kings Creek at the bottom.
It is one of the major tourist attractions in the southern desert region of the Northern Territory in Australia. Enigmatic domes formations, sharp cliffs, and good views of the surrounding desert reward the visitor talking the rim walk around the canyon. Part of the canyon is a sacred Aboriginal site and visitors are discouraged from walking off the walking tracks.
5. Blyde River Canyon, South Africa
The Blyde River Canyon is a significant natural feature of South Africa and located in located in Mpumalanga of South Africa. It is also one of the most picturesque canyons in the world. Blyde River Canyon is 25 kilometers (16 mi) in length and is, on average, around 750 meters (2,461 ft.) deep and when full, is at an altitude of 665 meters (2,182 ft.).
Blyde River Canyon is the world’s largest green canyon and consists mostly of red sandstone. The highest point of the canyon, Mariepskop, is 1,944 meters (6,378 ft.) above sea level.
4. Grand Canyon, Arizona
The Grand Canyon is a steep-sided canyon carved by the Colorado River in the United States of Arizona in North America. It is one of the largest and most incredible canyon in the world. The Grand Canyon is 277 miles (446 km) long, up to 18 miles (29 km) wide and attains a depth of over a mile (6,093 feet or 1,857 meters).
It is also a great tourist attractions in the United States. It is considered one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World.
3. Fjaðrárgljúfur Canyon, Iceland
Fjaðrárgljúfur is a canyon in south east Iceland which is up to 100 m deep. About 2 kilometres long, with the Fjaðrá river flowing through it. It is located near the Ring Road, in southeast Iceland. The canyon was created by progressive erosion by flowing water from glaciers through the rocks and palagonite over millennia. Tourists visit it to enjoy the view.
2. Antelope Canyon, Arizona
Antelope Canyon is a slot canyon in the American Southwest. It is located on Navajo land east of Page, Arizona. With its graceful curves in the rock and glowing orange and purple colors. The Antelope Canyon is one the most-photographed sandstone slot canyons in the world. This amazing canyon 660 feet (200 square meter) Lower Antelope Canyon is about 1,335 feet (407 square meter) length and 120 feet depth. It was formed by erosion of Navajo Sandstone, primarily due to flash flooding and secondarily due to other sub-aerial processes.
It includes two separate photogenic canyons – Upper and Lower Antelope. Both canyons are so narrow in places that one can stretch out his or her arms and touch both sides. Although the canyons are beautiful, they can sometimes be dangerous. Rainwater, especially during monsoon season, runs into the extensive basin above the slot canyon sections, picking up speed and sand as it rushes into the narrow passageways. In 1997 a flash flood swept into Lower Antelope and killed 11 tourists.
1. Bicaz Canyon, Romania
The Bicaz Canyon / Gorge is located in north-east of Romania. It is one of the most beautiful and amazing canyon in the world. The gorge was excised by the waters of Bicaz River. It serves as a passageway between the Romanian provinces of Moldova and Transylvania.
It is a noted location to see the wall creeper, an uncommon cliff-dwelling bird. The road is around 8 kilometers long of ravines and curves with rocks on one side and a sheer drop on the other. It is one of the most spectacular drives in the country.