A highest mountain is a land form that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill. Mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism. These forces can locally raise the surface of the earth.
The world’s tallest mountains are some of the most majestic and beautiful things that one can be blessed enough to witness in their lifetime.
There are at least 109 mountains on Earth with elevations greater than 7,200 meters (23,622 ft.) above sea level. The vast majority of these mountains are located on the edge of the Indian subcontinent and Tibet, with some peaks in Central Asia.
The following lists of the top 10 highest mountain peaks of the world including mountain name, mountain range, vertical height, and location, according to the National Geographic Society.
10. Annapurna I, Annapurna Himalaya
Annapurna gets its name from the Sanskrit word which means “full of food”. It is a section of the Himalayas in north-central Nepal and it is series of peaks, the tenth highest mountain in the world. It is located in central Nepal and is approximately 26,545 feet (8,091 meters) tall. The first ascent in Annapurna in 1950.
9. Nanga Parbat, Nanga Parbat Himalaya
The name of the mountain Nanga Parbat is literary in Sanskrit. In normally its name will be Naked Mountain. Locally known as Deo-mir, Nanga Parbat is about 8,126 m (26,660 ft.) high and is located in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. It is ninth highest mountain in the world.
It is also called by the name of “Killer Mountain” as it has seen one of the highest number of unsuccessful expedition attempts and has never been climbed in winter. First ascent in July 3, 1953 by Hermann Buhl. Now however, it is less dangerous to climb, but still very difficult.
8. Manaslu, Manaslu Himalaya
Manaslu is also known as kutang which is the eighth highest mountain in the world. Its name comes from the Sanskrit word ‘Manas’ which means “intellect” or “soul”. It is located in the Mansiri Himal, part of the Nepalese Himalayas, in the west-central part of Nepal with 8,163 m (26,781 ft.) height. Manaslu, first climbed on May 9, 1956 by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu, members of a Japanese expedition.
7. Dhaulagiri I, Dhaulagiri Himalaya
The Dhaulagiri Mountains spread across more than 120 Km (70 mi) from the Kalingandaki River in Ganges to Bheri in Nepal. It is the seventh highest mountain in the world at 8,167 meters (26,795 ft.) above sea level. The mountain’s name is (Dhaulagiri) in Nepali. This comes from Sanskrit where (Dhawala) means dazzling, white, beautiful and (giri) means mountain. It was first climbed on May 13, 1960 by a Swiss, Austrian, and Nepali expedition.
6. Cho Oyu, Mahalangur Himalaya
It is the sixth highest mountain in the world. The name of this mountain Cho Oyu in Tibetan means “Turquoise Goddesses”. At about 8,201 m (26,864 ft.), it is one of the highest peaks of Mahalangur Himalaya and lies 20 km west of Mt. Everest. It was first climbed in October 19, 1954 by Herbert Tichy, Joseph Jöchler, Pasang Dawa Lama. The mountain stands on the China-Nepal border.
5. Makalu, Mahalangur Himalaya
Makalu is the fifth highest mountain in the world at 8,485 meters (27,838 ft.) at the bottom of it. It is located in the Mahalangur Himalayas 19 km (12 mi) southeast of Mount Everest, on the border between Nepal and China. Part of the Mahalangur Himalaya, Makalu is an isolated peak in the shape of four sided pyramid. The first climb on Makalu was made by an American team led by William Siri in the spring of 1954.
4. Lhotse, Mahalangur Himalaya
Lhotse comes from the Tibetan word which means “Southern peak”. It is the fourth highest mountain on Earth and is connected to Everest via the South Col. In addition to the main summit at 8,516 meters (27,940 ft.) above sea level, the mountain comprises the smaller peaks Lhotse Middle (East) at 8,414 m (27,605 ft.)
Lhotse Shard at 8,383 m (27,503 ft.) and it is on the border between China, Tibet and the Khumbu region of Nepal. The summit first climbed in May 18, 1956 by Fritz Luchsinger and Ernst Reiss.
3. Kanchenjunga, Kangchenjunga Himalaya
It is the third highest mountain in the world, and lies partly in Nepal and partly in Sikkim, India rises about 20 km (12 mi) south of the general alignment with an elevation of 8,586 m (28,169 ft.). In a section of the Himalayas called Kanchenjunga Himal that is limited in the west by the Tamur River. It is called “Five Treasures of Snow” after its five high peaks, and has always been worshipped by the people of Darjeeling and Sikkim.
Until 1852, this was known to be the highest mountain in the world. Kangchenjunga was first climbed on 25 May 1955 by Joe Brown and George Band, who were part of a British expedition. Apart from that, it also is a center of tourist activities as it has quite a bit of literature around it.
2. K2 / Qogir /Godwin Austen, Baltoro Karakoram
K2, also known as Mount Godwin-Austen or Chhogori is the second highest mountain in the world, after Mount Everest, at 8,611 meters (28,251 ft.) above sea level. It is located on the border between Baltistan, in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan, and the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County of Xinjiang, China.
K2 is the highest point of the Karakoram Range and the highest point in both Pakistan and Xinjiang. It is also known as the “Savage Mountain” due to the extreme difficulty of ascent. It was first climbed in July 31, 1954 by Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli. For every four people who have reached the summit, one has died trying.
1. Mount Everest / Sagarmatha / Chomolungma, Mahalangur Himalaya
Finally now, we have reached the top mountain of the world. Mount Everest or Sagarmatha as it known in Nepal is the highest mountain in the Earth. With a peak at 8,848 meters (29,029 ft.) above sea level and the 5th tallest mountain measured from the center of the Earth.
It is located on the border between Sagarmatha Zone, Nepal. Tibet, China and is part of the Himalayan Mountain Range and it was first discovered in 1802. Mount Everest saw first successful attempt in 1953 when Edmund Hillary and Tenzin Norge climbed it.