Masud Rana | Apr 24, 2017 | 0
Top 10 List of Heaviest Animals in the World
In generally heaviest animals means the big animal, who have a giant body shapes, size and weight. Many heaviest animals can be found in history which are not found now. Even now-a-days there are some heaviest animal are decreasing day by day for destroying their home (forest) by human for living.
Here we made a list of world’s top heaviest animal in the world, which are present in the world in present time. They live in different countries.
Let’s have look on these huge and heaviest animals found in the world.
10. Yak – 2,200 lbs (1,000 kG)
The Yak is a long-haired bovid found throughout the Himalaya region of southern Central Asia, the Tibetan Plateau and as far north as Mongolia and Russia. Yaks are heavily built animals with a bulky frame, sturdy legs, and rounded cloven hooves, and extremely dense, long fur that hangs down lower than the belly.
Domestic yaks can be quite variable in color, often having patches of rusty brown and cream. Males weigh 350 to 580 kg (770 to 1,280 lbs.), females weigh 225 to 255 kg (496 to 562 lbs.). An adult wild yak can stand 7 feet tall at the shoulder and weight up to 2200 lbs (1000 kilograms). They are densely built animals with a bulky frame, making them good pack animals. They thrive in cold weather and do poorly in warm weather. In fact, they begin to show signs of heat exhaustion in only 60-degree weather.
9. Crocodile – 2,300 lbs ( 1,044 KG )
Crocodiles (subfamily Crocodylinae) or true crocodiles are large aquatic reptiles that live throughout the tropics in Africa, Asia, the Americas and Australia. They are the largest reptiles in the world. The length of an adult crocodile ranges between 6 and 25 ft. and has weigh up to 2300 lbs. Crocodiles can live without food for months. In such cases, they uses energy from body which stored in the form of fat.
A crocodile’s physical traits enable them to be a very skilled predator. Their long and streamlined body moves quickly through the water, and their webbed feet allow them to make fast turns. A mature crocodile has 80 teeth! It can be safely said that all crocodile species have an average lifespan of at least 30–40 years, and in the case of larger species an average of 60–70 years. The highest life span of a fresh water crocodile has been estimated age of 120–140 years at the Australia Zoo.
8. Asian Guar – 2,500 lbs ( 1135 KG )
The gaur also called Indian bison, is the largest extant bovine, native to South Asia and Southeast Asia. It is the largest species of cattle in the world. They has a body length between 2.5 and 3.5 meters and weigh up to 2500 lbs. Usually the male guar are unit 30 percentage larger than that of females, have huge head and robust horns. In color, the adult male gaur is dark brown. They have a distinct ridge running from the shoulders to the middle of the back; the shoulders may be as much as 12 cm (4.7 in) higher than the rump.
The gaur has a head-and-body length of 250 to 330 cm (8 ft. 2 in to 10 ft. 10 in) with a 70 to 105 cm (28 to 41 in) long tail, and is 165 to 220 cm (5 ft. 5 in to 7 ft. 3 in) high at the shoulder. Asian guars found in grasslands and evergreen forests. They live in herds which contain 9-13 members and mostly spend the day time in feeding. They can survive for a certain period in absence of food.
7. Giraffe – 4,250 lbs ( 1,930 KG )
Giraffes are the tallest mammals in the world. They found in large numbers in South Africa. They measure up to 15-20 feet in height and weigh between 2800 and 3500 lbs. Most of that height is in their neck, with their bodies being relatively short. The average weight is 1,192 kg (2,628 lbs.) for an adult male and 828 kg (1,825 lbs.) for an adult female. With maximum weights of 1,930 kg (4,250 lbs.) and 1,180 kg (2,600 lbs.) having been recorded for males and females, respectively.
In facts, the legs of giraffes are much taller than an average, adult human that is 6 feet. These strong, tall legs help giraffes to eat leaves from tree tops. The 21 inch tongue of giraffes helps to pluck leaves from trees very easily. Giraffes regurgitate the foods just like cows. The water rich acacia leaves is one of favorite foods of giraffe’s. It help them to survive for long time without drinking water. They can also run at a maximum speed of 50 km per hour and travels long distance in searching for food.
6. Hippopotamus – 7,500 lbs ( 3,400 KG )
Hippopotamus is the third largest land mammal on Earth. The name of the hippopotamus is derived from ancient Greek, where its name means “river horse”. They are native to South Africa. Even though their appearance resembles a large pig, they look more similar to whales and porpoises. An adult hippopotamus weigh up to 7500 lbs. Males reach maturity at around 7.5 yr.
They spend most time in water to cool down their heavy body. Grass and fallen fruits are the main foods of hippopotamus. Hippopotamus have special shape of teeth which help them to eat large quantity of grass in short time. On daily basis, a hippopotamus consume more than 80 pound of grass, especially at night. They often walk up to 6 miles in searching of sufficient amount of food. Hippos have no sweat glands. But they do have a special type of glands that produce a red fluid. It is believed to be this unique gland help large hippo to cool down their body.
5. White Rhinoceros – 7,800 lbs ( 3,540 KG )
White Rhinoceros are the second largest land animal on Earth. The white rhinoceros is a fairly rare creature; it is estimated that there are only around 19,682-21,077 living in the wild in the year 2015. There are 5 different species of rhinoceros, with the white rhinoceros being the larges. They found in different regions across Africa. It has a massive body and large head, a short neck and broad chest. The head and body length is 3.7 to 4 m (12.1 to 13.1 ft.) in males and 3.4 to 3.65 m (11.2 to 12.0 ft.) in females. They can weigh between 3600 to 7800 lbs. here have been reports of even larger males, but it’s hard to verify.
White rhinos are the largest pure grazers in the world. They found most time grazing in vast grasslands. They usually found in vast grasslands. White rhino is a social animal. They live in group that contain up to 14 members. They drink twice a day if water is available, but in dry conditions they can go 4-5 days without drinking. The white rhinoceros have a fairly long lifespan, between 40-50 years.
4. Asian Elephant – 11,000 lbs ( 4,990 KG )
Asian Elephants are the second largest species of elephant in the world, just after the African elephants. They are the largest land animal on the Asian continent. Indian, Sri Lankan and Sumatran are three recognized subspecies of Asian elephant. They found in India and Southeast Asian region. An adult Asian elephant weigh up to 11000 lbs and has a height of 3.5 meters.
Unlike African elephants, the Asian elephants have small ears. Asian elephants spend up to 19 hours of a day on feeding. Their diet mostly consist of grasses, stems, fruits, sugarcane and roots. Strong trunk and tusk help the elephant to prepare the food in proper form, especially the large parts of trees. Elephants have the longest pregnancy period than any living land animal – 23 months. Also, a baby elephant can weigh around 200 lb.
3. African Elephant – 14,000 lbs ( 6,350 KG )
African Elephant is the heaviest, living land animal on Earth. They usually live in rainforests of West and Central Africa. An adult African elephant can weigh to 14000 lbs and up to 4 meter in height. Their trunk functions as a fifth limb and is also a sound amplifier. They have large ears and tusks than other species of elephants, which can be used to dig up roots and strip bark from trees to eat.
They are also used as weapons during mating season, and to defend themselves from predators. African elephants flap their large ears to cool down their heavy body. They also spray water on their body using their long trunk. African elephants have two finger like part on their edge of the trunk where Asian elephants have only one. It provide extra grip on grabbing different things. An adult African elephant can consume up to 300 pounds of food within a single day. Grasses, roots and fruits are main food of African elephants. They travel long distance in searching for food.
2. Whale Shark – 47,000 lbs ( 21,320 KG )
The Whale Shark is a slow-moving fish, and the largest known fish species. The largest confirmed individual had a length of 12.65 m (41.5 ft.) and a weight of about 47,000 lbs (21.5 tons). They found in warm and tropical ocean waters across the world.
The strong jaws and filters helps whale sharks to easily consume large amount of food at a time. The massive mouth of whale sharks can expand up to 1 meter in width. Whale sharks make long migration in searching of sufficient amount of food. They have 300 -350 rows of tiny teeth add 10 filter pads, they use to filter their food through their mouths. But these tiny teeth have no role in feeding. Because whale sharks are filter-feeders, means they eat by separating the food by filtering out the sea water. They can dive up to 4000 ft. deep to find food.
1. Blue Whale – 400,000 Ibs ( 181,440 KG )
The Blue Whale is definitely first on the list of top 10 heaviest animals in the world. This whale is the largest animal species ever lived on planet Earth. They found in all oceans across the world. A fully grown blue whale has a body length of 30 meters (98 ft.) and a weight up to 200 tons. They feed almost exclusively on krill, with an adult blue whale being able to eat 40 million krill per day and this equates to 8000 lbs. of krill per day! Krill is the favorite food of blue whales.
The filters attached to the jaws of blue whales help them to easily swallow large amount of food at a time. Interestingly, the tongue of a blue whale has same weight of an elephant. They use such sounds to communicate with other whales. During seasonal changes, blue whales migrate over thousands of miles.